Neck Strength & Biomechanics Research

  • Barth, J. T., Freeman, J. R., Broshek, D. K., & Varney, R. N. (2001). Acceleration-Deceleration Sport-Related Concussion: The Gravity of It All.Journal of Athletic Training,36(3), 253-256. Website
  • Broshek, D. K., Kaushik, T., Freeman, J. R., Erlanger, D., Webbe, F., & Barth, J. T. (2005). Sex differences in outcome following sports-related concussion. Journal of Neurosurgery,102(5), 856-863. DOI
  • Caccese, J. B., Buckley, T. A., Tierney, R. T., Arbogast, K. B., Rose, W. C., Glutting, J. J., & Kaminski, T. W. (2017). Head and neck size and neck strength predict linear and rotational acceleration during purposeful soccer heading Sports Biomechanics, 1-15. DOI
  • Carey, B. (2016, April 08). Stanford researchers measure concussion forces in detail. Website
  • Cohen, M. (2012, September 28). Syracuse tries to decrease risk of concussions by neck-strengthening. Website
  • Collins, C. L., Fletcher, E. N., Fields, S. K., Kluchurosky, L., Rohrkemper, M. K., Comstock, R. D., & Cantu, R. C. (2014). Neck Strength: A Protective Factor Reducing Risk for Concussion in High School Sports. The Journal of Primary Prevention,35(5), 309-319. DOI
  • Costa-Paz, M., Aponte-Tinao, L., & Muscolo, D. L. (1999). Injuries to polo riders: A prospective evaluation. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 33(5), 329-331. DOI
  • Covassin, T., Swanik, C. B., & Sachs, M. L. (2003). Concussions Among United States High School and Collegiate Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training,38(3), 238-244. Website
  • Dezman, Z. D., Ledet, E. H., & Kerr, H. A. (2013). Neck Strength Imbalance Correlates With Increased Head Acceleration in Soccer Heading.Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach,5(4), 320-326. DOI
  • Dick, R. W. (2009). Is there a gender difference in concussion incidence and outcomes?. British Journal of Sports Medicine,43(Suppl_1), I46-I50. DOI
  • Eckner, J. T., Oh, Y. K., Joshi, M. S., Richardson, J. K., & Ashton-Miller, J. A. (2014). Effect of Neck Muscle Strength and Anticipatory Cervical Muscle Activation on the Kinematic Response of the Head to Impulsive Loads. The American Journal of Sports Medicine,42(3), 566-576. DOI
  • Field, M., Collins, M. W., Lovell, M. R., & Maroon, J. (2003). Does age play a role in recovery from sports-related concussion? A comparison of high school and collegiate athletes. The Journal of Pediatrics,142(5), 546-553. DOI
  • Frommer, L. J., Gurka, K. K., Cross, K. M., Ingersoll, C. D., Comstock, R. D., & Saliba, S. A. (2011). Sex Differences in Concussion Symptoms of High School Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training,46(1), 76-84. DOI
  • Gessel, L. M., Fields, S. K., Collins, C. L., Dick, R. W., & Comstock, R. D. (2007). Concussions Among United States High School and Collegiate Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training,42(4), 495-503. Website
  • Gregory, S. (2013, February 21). Neck Strength Predicts Concussion Risk, Study Says. Website
  • Le Flao, E., Pichardo, A., Ganpatt, S., & Oranchuk, D. (2021). An Accessible, 16-Week Neck Strength Training Program Improves Head Kinematics Following Chest Perturbation in Young Soccer Athletes. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 30. 1158-1165. DOI
  • Lee, Y., Shin, M. M., & Lee, W. (2015). Effects of shoulder stabilization exercise on pain and function in patients with neck pain. Journal of Physical Therapy Science,27(12), 3619-3622. DOI
  • Lincoln, A. E., Caswell, S. V., Almquist, J. L., Dunn, R. E., Norris, J. B., & Hinton, R. Y. (2011). Trends in Concussion Incidence in High School Sports. The American Journal of Sports Medicine,39(5), 958-963. DOI
  • Lott, J. R. (2017, August 31). Concussions occur in soccer and other sports, too — but yeah, let’s go after all-American football. Website
  • Meaney, D. F., & Smith, D. H. (2011). Biomechanics of Concussion.Clinics in Sports Medicine,30(1), 19-31. DOI
  • Schneider, K. J., Meeuwisse, W. H., Nettel-Aguirre, A., Barlow, K., Boyd, L., Kang, J., & Emery, C. A. (2014). Cervicovestibular rehabilitation in sport-related concussion: a randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Sports Medicine,48(17), 1294-1298. DOI
  • Tierney, R. T., Sitler, M. R., Swanik, C. B., Swanik, K. A., Higgins, M., & Torg, J. (2005). Gender Differences in Head Neck Segment Dynamic Stabilization during Head Acceleration. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise,37(2), 272-279. DOI
  • Viano, D. C., Casson, I. R., & Pellman, E. J. (2007). Concussion in Professional Football: Biomechanics of the StruckPlayer—Part 14. Neurosurgery,61(2), 313-328. DOI
  • Vidal, P. G., Goodman, A. M., Colin, A., Leddy, J. J., & Grady, M. F. (2012). Rehabilitation Strategies for Prolonged Recovery in Pediatric and Adolescent Concussion. Pediatric Annals,41(9), 1-7. DOI
  • Yang, X., & Cheng, B. (2010). Neuroprotective and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Ketogenic Diet on MPTP-induced Neurotoxicity. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience,42(2), 145-153. DOI


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